In the "TAP-Together Against Poverty" project, which is implemented in international partnership and financed by the European Commission (under Erasmus+ Program) cyclical analysis of the phenomenon of poverty and social exclusion is being constantly conducted. The data available in this field often comes from social research. One of those examples is Eurofound portal, where the data collected by the European Union's Agenda are published (

Within „European Quality of Life Survey 2012” the questionnaire analysis was conducted, including questions about standard of living and deprivation, and the question on how to make ends meet. The data presented on the portal allows us to group the answers according to different income groups of the respondents. Taking into account the “TAP” project`s subject, persons with the lowest income have been chosen. Those people have possibility to choose one from six options: with great difficulty, with difficulty, with some difficulty, fairy easily, easily, very easily. Having analysed the answers provided only for extreme ratings, i.e.: “with great difficulty” and “very easily” it is easy to notice the huge disparity in this regard among the European countries (Chart 1 and 2).

Chart 1. Distribution of percentage of households, that assessed situation as “with great difficulty”

Source: own elaboration based on:


Chart 2. Distribution of percentage of households, that assessed situation as “very easily”

Source: own elaboration based on:


On average, 20% of households in Europe indicated that they "make ends meet" with very great difficulty (median 19.6%). In some countries, such as Greece, Romania, Slovakia or Lithuania, the rate was significantly higher (respectively: 51.5% in Greece, 38.2% in Romania, 35.6% in Slovakia and 32.1% in Lithuania). In the fact, that on reaching the lowest income, the household could meet their needs very easily, believes less than 2.3% of households (as an average). The median response in this case was only 1.4%. Over 10% of this category of evaluation indicated only in Denmark and Sweden (respectively: 12.1% and 10.2%). In some of the surveyed countries, this answer has not been chosen at all, so this situation according to the respondents did not take place at all (in Montenegro, Hungary, Lithuania, Malta, Slovakia and Portugal).

In the project partners` countries, showed the following response in the analysed categories (Table 1).


Table 1. The response in the analysed categories in the project partners` countries.

Country with great difficulty very easily
Estonia 19,6 0,8
Spain 24,6 1,6
the Netherlands 11,9 3,5
Poland 24,7 1,2
Romania 38,2 0,9
Italy 17,7 0,8

Source: own elaboration based on: